Omaha is a complex variant of poker that is rather difficult to learn from the first time and to learn how to play well without practicing and studying is impossible. Good players in Omaha are often those who have excelled in Texas Hold’em but did not stop there and developed their skills. However, most often, the new Omaha players lose money, using their previous experience. Despite the similarity, Omaha and Hold’em are totally different games that have different principles and different methods are to be used. What can be used in Texas Hold’em, sometimes is totally wrong for Omaha and vise versa. Let’s see what are the basic differences in these games. The first main difference, to which attention should be paid when you start playing Omaha, is the hand values. It is very important to understand that, in case you are an experienced player in other poker variants. A common mistake that novice players make is the overvaluation of the starting hands and final combinations.
In this game the hole cards are not so valuable as in Texas Hold’em – having a pair or two pairs, you need a lot of luck to beat your opponents. Since in Omaha players use two of their four pocket cards, the number of possible combinations used is six. It is twice more than in Texas Hold’em where you have three options to choose from: to use two cards, to use one, or not to use pocket cards at all. In this way, the value of hands in Omaha is lower. If there is a pair on the table, the probability of someone forming a set is twice as much. In case there are three cards to straight on the table, the probability that one of your opponents has already got one is increasing six times. This difference makes us evaluate different situations in Omaha and Texas Hold’em differently.
The second main difference in Omaha is that during the pre-flop the game is entered by more players than in Texas Hold’em. A large number of potential combinations for each player expands the range of the hands that should be played even by very careful players. As a consequence, more players stay in the game during the next betting rounds since the pot is more attractive. Exactly this is the reason that the pot in Omaha is significantly bigger than in other poker variants. Therefore, we can see another difference between Omaha and Texas Hold’em: the standard techniques used in Texas Hold’em such as bluffing and slow play in Omaha are significantly more dangerous. According to the general poker rule, the effectiveness of these techniques is reduced proportionally to the size of the pot. The bigger the pot, the higher is the probability that your opponent will answer your bet when you bluff or form a higher combination while you count on the slow play technique. These, of course, are not the only differences between Omaha and Texas Hold’em but they are the most important. Poker is a commercial game and its main goal is to win as much as possible. In Omaha, pots are bigger than in Texas Hold’em and the winning techniques are different.